ELPC in the News

WSIU Radio: Ameren Illinois Announces Money-Saving Program For Customers

May 17, 2018
Ameren Illinois Announces Money-Saving Program For Customers
By Kevin Boucher

A major power supplier is working to save customers 10 to 15 percent on their electric bill.  Ameren Illinois held a news conference on Thursday, May 17th, 2018 in Marion to unveil a new initiative designed to put 300–thousand new smart thermostats in Illinois homes over the next decade.  According to the press release, current Ameren Illinois customers can buy a qualified smart thermostat and then go online to apply for a 100 dollar rebate. Ameren’s John Carol says the new devices can easily replace an existing thermostat.  He adds these new smart thermostats work by recording user settings and using that information to heat and cool the home when the home is not occupied.

Kelly Hendrickson, Communications Executive with Ameren, has been using one for several months and says it adds convenience to people with busy schedules.  She says she can be at a little league baseball game  and use her smartphone app to turn the air down so when the family returns home  the house will be comfortable.

Rob Kelter, Senior Attorney for the Environmental Law and Policy Center says the new thermostats will help consumers to stop cooling and heating empty homes.


ELPC’s 4th Annual Science Policy Confluence Conference

Partnering with the Center for Integrated Great Lakes Research at the University of Michigan, ELPC organized our 4th Science-Policy Confluence Conference on May 1-2, on the topic Great Lakes Harmful Algal Blooms: Science-based Policy Solutions.

The symposium brought together scientists and policymakers with differing expertise to learn from each other, discover how their work may interact and find potential collaborations. This year’s gathering deepened understanding of the extent, impact and future of harmful algal blooms (HABs), especially in the Great Lakes. Among the featured speakers were numerous expert scientists and policy makers including:

  • S. Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-Dearborn) who pointed to the importance of funding the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and the consistent bipartisan support it has.
  • Toledo Mayor Wade Kapszukiewicz, whose city residents were not able to drink even boiled water for 2 days in the summer of 2014 called out the Ohio State Legislature for its lack of adequate action as “a wholly owned subsidiary of the Ohio Farm Bureau.”
  • Consul General of Canada Douglas George

Symposium attendees shared ideas for potential science-based solutions and what it will take to implement them. Below are some of the most interesting findings presented and discussed.

  • HABs outbreaks aren’t unique to the Great Lakes, they occur worldwide. They are expected to worsen due to changing temperatures and increased precipitation from climate change, global trade and invasive species. The Great Lakes are among the places that the situation will get much worse.
  • In the last decade, the years with very low rainfall had the smallest outbreaks, indicating that heavy spring rains with nutrient-laden runoff a major contributing factor. However internal cycling of phosphorous and recycling of legacy pollution may also play a role, extending the timeframe it will take to see long-term results from reducing fertilizer and manure runoff.
  • Satellites now in orbit and drones in small areas allow us to see trends in algae outbreaks. Advances in interpreting images of land use, such as looking at barn size and type, vegetation and other factors are helping to shed light on sources of runoff. These images show that existing information on manure quantity at permitted animal farms are likely to be severely underestimated. Such mapping may soon help to identify low-hanging fruit, the first places to target grass strips and other controls.
  • Human health and cultural impacts from algal outbreak exposure are wide-ranging: from recreational exposure, drinking or eating fish caught from or even vegetables grown from algal laden waters. Touching, ingesting or even breathing the fumes from them may contribute to short and long-term health effects to both humans and dogs.
  • Significantly reducing phosphorous-laden runoff may lead to smaller but more toxic algal outbreaks, as nitrogen pollution takes on a more significant role in driving bloom composition.
  • Following on ELPC’s recent successful lawsuit leading to Ohio declaring the open waters of western Lake Erie impaired, scientists showed that it would take at least 6 years to have that designation removed.
  • Scientific research is still needed to decide on the best management approaches in different locations; there is not yet unity as to the extent to which both phosphorous and nitrogen need to be controlled and thus what the most effective nutrient management strategies are.
  • Active adaptive management is viewed as the best approach, but messaging the need for flexibility and potentially changing requirements is critical for public and decision makers to understand. The question of how to effectively implement adaptive management is a key issue that will need to be resolved to successfully move beyond current policies.
  • Verna Harrison, former Assistant Secretary of Maryland Dept of Natural Resources shared lessons learned from the Chesapeake Bay, where progress on reducing nutrient-laden runoff is much further along, importantly through the use of TMDLs.

InsideClimate News: Toxic Algae Blooms Occurring More Often, May Be Caught in Climate Change Feedback Loop

May 15, 2018
Toxic Algae Blooms Occurring More Often, May Be Caught in Climate Change Feedback Loop
By Georgina Gustin

Blooms of harmful algae in the nation’s waters appear to be occurring much more frequently than in the past, increasing suspicions that the warming climate may be exacerbating the problem.

The Environmental Working Group (EWG) published newly collected data on Tuesday reporting nearly 300 large blooms since 2010. Last year alone, 169 were reported. While NOAA issues forecasts for harmful algal blooms in certain areas, the advocacy group called its report the first attempt to track the blooms on a nationwide scale.

The study comes as scientists have predicted proliferation of these blooms as the climate changes, and amid increasing attention by the news media and local politicians to the worst cases.

Just as troubling, these blooms could not only worsen with climate change, but also contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions.

EWG based its study on news reports and before-and-after satellite images that show the expansion of the blooms. Though the rapid increase in the annual numbers might reflect more thorough observations and reporting in recent years, Craig Cox, who focuses on agriculture for EWG, said the numbers may still be on the low side.

In 2014, the news was especially urgent in Toledo, where a toxic algal bloom in Lake Erie forced health officials to declare the water unsafe for drinking and bathing. Harmful algae blooms had been common in the western part of Lake Erie from the 1960s through the 1980s, but they had diminished with better pollution controls—until about a decade ago, according to NOAA.

Now the blooms—thick undulating mats of green—have become an annual occurrence there.

The root cause of the problem lies mainly in agricultural runoff that contains phosphorus, which encourages algal growth.

At a recent conference, the mayor of Toledo pointed the blame for the continuing problem squarely at the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, saying that lawmakers in the state were too intimidated by the group to support legislation to deal with the problem. “It’s probably the most powerful interest group in Ohio,” Mayor Wade Kapszukiewicz said in an interview.

Kapszukiewicz noted that the city spent billions of dollars upgrading its water treatment facility more than a decade ago and that there have been no sewage overflows into the lake since then, and yet the blooms are getting worse. “Toledoans are paying for a problem we didn’t create,” he said.

“Nutrient runoff” comes from sewage and other sources, but mostly from fertilizer and manure, which are especially high in phosphorus.

The agricultural industry in Ohio and elsewhere has long been aware of the problem. Joe Cornely, a spokesman for the Ohio Farm Bureau, said the bureau had been looking into it for years. But when it came to legislative and regulatory measures, Cornely said: “You’ve heard the old saying, ‘You can have it fast or right.’ We want it to be right.”


Chicago Tribune: State to Hold Hearings on Spending Volkswagen Pollution Settlement

May 11, 2018
State to Hold Hearings on Spending Volkswagen Pollution Settlement
By Mary Wisniewski

After many complaints from advocacy groups, the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency will hold three public outreach sessions on how it should spend $108 million from the Volkswagen pollution settlement.

The German carmaker agreed to pay more than $15 billion in settlements after admitting to installing secret software that allowed U.S. diesel vehicles to emit up to 40 times the legally allowable level of pollution. Some of that money is going to states for clean-air programs.

Advocacy groups like the Environmental Law and Policy Center have argued that the state could get the most pollution-fighting bang for the buck by putting 15 percent of its settlement share, or about $16.2 million, into plug-in charging stations for electric vehicles, and the rest into replacing diesel school and transit buses with electric versions.

But the Illinois EPA instead said in its current draft plan that it would spend most of the money on “off-road technology,” which would mean replacing older locomotive, ferry and tug diesel engines with newer, cleaner ones. Environmental groups complained that the state EPA came up with the plan without the same long comment period and public hearings provided by other states.

Now there will be a chance for three public hearings, and the draft plan’s details could change. The first will be at Illinois EPA headquarters in Springfield on May 23; the second at the St. Paul Baptist Church in East St. Louis on May 24; and the third at the James R. Thompson Center auditorium in Chicago on May 30. All will be held from 6 to 8 p.m.

State EPA Director Alec Messina said in a statement that his agency has received “extensive” public comments about the settlement funds, and that the draft plan for spending the money is a “living document that will continue to evolve as needed to benefit air quality and the health of Illinois residents.”


Chicago Tonight: Janet McCabe, Former Senior EPA Administrator, On Trump’s Environmental Moves

May 10, 2018
Former Senior EPA Administrator on Trump’s Environmental Moves
By Paul Caine

Last week, the Trump administration cut a deal with Gov. Scott Walker to exempt much of southeast Wisconsin from having to comply with the latest federal limits on lung-damaging smog.

It’s an area that already has poor air quality, but it is also where Taiwanese electronics giant Foxconn is building a new plant. Critics argue that the move is intended to save Foxconn and other businesses the expense of meeting the new, higher standard.

In addition, the Environmental Protection Agency also plans to scrap Obama-era rules that required automakers to make their cars progressively more fuel-efficient.

As EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt takes a very different approach from his immediate predecessors on protecting air quality, what will be the impact on our air and health?

Janet McCabe played a lead role in shaping the Clean Air Act as the acting assistant administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation in the Obama administration. She is now a senior law fellow at the Environmental Law and Policy Center, where she works to advance polices to promote clean air and safe drinking water.

McCabe thinks the Trump administration’s move to exempt areas of Wisconsin from having to meet the latest air quality standards is likely to face legal challenges. But in the short term, it will mean dirty air.

“I expect there may well be people living in areas where the air quality is unhealthy who won’t know about it. And that states like Wisconsin will not be putting in measures to reduce those emissions,” McCabe said.

“This is administrative decision making by the (EPA). They have to lay out their reasoning to the satisfaction of a court — if a case gets challenged … I think that based on past precedent that some of these decisions are not adequately supported by the factual information that the agency has.”

As for the decision to scrap the rules that require new cars to be more fuel-efficient, McCabe is both dismayed and concerned.

“This was a really remarkable and positive agreement between the automakers and the federal government and California on a long-trajectory plan that would make vehicles get considerably cleaner over time in a way the preserved the automakers’ ability to be as flexible as possible to build the kind of cars that people want,” she said. “It’s very discouraging to see this administration basically disregarding the success that the auto industry has had in the six years since those laws were put in place and suggest we need a lower level of ambition. Cars emit about one-third of the pollution in this country – greenhouse gas pollution but also pollution in our neighborhoods. They are all over the country. Everybody uses them and (higher fuel-efficiency standards) are one of the best ways of improving air quality in this country.”

McCabe joins host Phil Ponce to discuss her time at the EPA and her concerns.


Energy News Network: Iowa Governor Signs Bill Critics Say Will ‘Eviscerate’ Efficiency Programs

May 7, 2018
Iowa Governor Signs Bill Critics Say Will ‘Eviscerate’ Efficiency Programs
By Karen Uhlenhuth

Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds signed a bill Friday that critics say could largely evaporate utility-sponsored energy efficiency programs in the state.

The new law caps spending on the programs at levels substantially less than what utilities now spend. It also allows certain customers to stop paying fees that support the programs, and it omits rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities, which serve about one-third of Iowa customers, from having to offer any programs.

The bill also takes a swipe at solar installations by allowing municipal utilities to discriminate against customers with their own generation. Iowa’s 136 municipal utilities serve about 216,000 customers, or 13.5 percent of all electricity customers in the state.

Kerri Johannsen, who lobbied against the bill on behalf of the Iowa Environmental Council, wrote in a statement that “utilities will sell more power and Iowans will pay more out of their paycheck for energy. Utilities are the only winner here — businesses and citizens across Iowa will pay the price of this action.”

Josh Mandelbaum, a lawyer with the Environmental Law & Policy Center, said, “For energy efficiency policy in Iowa, for all practical purposes, we’re at the point where we will need to start over. The policy has been eviscerated enough that we just have poor to non-existent energy-efficiency policy at this point.”

Mandelbaum and Johannsen said the legislation runs counter to the Iowa Energy Plan, a policy document crafted in a process lead by Gov. Reynolds, who was then Iowa’s lieutenant governor. The plan, published in late 2016, endorsed, among other strategies, state policies that encourage greater energy efficiency.

The state’s two major investor-owned utilities could not be reached over the weekend, but the Iowa Association of Electric Cooperatives released a statement Friday pronouncing the bill good for rural electric customers.

“Iowa’s electric cooperatives will continue to offer energy efficiency programs to member-owners,” said Steve Seidl, board president of the Iowa Association of Electric Cooperative. “We will further our commitment to environmental stewardship and renewable energy. The newly signed legislation will ensure that our energy efficiency programs are cost-effective — meaning that co-op member-owners aren’t footing the bill for a program that isn’t financially responsible.”

Most states require utilities to spend money subsidizing efficient products and technologies such as LED lighting and high-efficiency appliances. The programs help lower bills for participants as well as all utility customers by delaying the need for more expensive infrastructure projects.

The Iowa bill would cap spending on energy efficiency at 2 percent of annual sales for electricity utilities and 1.5 percent of sales of natural gas utilities. It also would limit expenditures on demand response programs at 2 percent of sales.

Johannsen estimates that utility spending on reducing electricity use will fall by between 50 and 70 percent. The reduction in natural gas efficiency programs, at close to 90 percent, “is going to be devastating,” she predicted.

Mandelbaum said that in light of the law’s passage, the state’s two major investor-owned utilities, MidAmerican Energy and Interstate Power & Light, indicated they will revise the five-year energy-efficiency plans they filed with the Iowa Utilities Board earlier this year.

Interstate’s plan ranked slightly above 1 on the Ratepayer Impact Test, meaning opt-out is not an option. MidAmerican’s plan scores below 1, meaning opt-out is available at present.

“MidAmerican said they would file something where opt-out would not end up happening,” Mandelbaum said. But the only way, under the current law, for MidAmerican to hike its score is to cut lower-scoring parts of the energy-efficiency program, he said.

“So it’s a lose-lose. You either allow opt-out, and that cuts funding for programs that do exist, or you cut programs so there is no opt-out. Either way, it’s bad for the programs.”

Mandelbaum said clean-energy supporters will express their views on the two utilities’ energy-efficiency plans as they move through the state regulatory process. And more broadly, they will “think about what options we may have going forward.”


Rauner finally moves on Asian carp—and gets some praise

by Greg Hinz

It’s been a while since the last round of scary headlines about voracious Asian carp potentially making their way to Lake Michigan and gobbling up everything but your wading toddler. But environmentalists, fishermen and those who use the Great Lakes for commerce sure haven’t forgotten.

Now, there’s a new development that ought to help keep both the fish and headlines at bay.

Gov. Bruce Rauner this weekend announced that the state is willing to take the lead as the non-federal sponsor on a program with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to install new locks at Brandon Road, on the Illinois River near Joliet.

Specifically, Rauner released a copy of a letter he has sent to other Great Lakes governors, which says Illinois will serve as sponsor and which expresses Rauner’s “hope that we can come together as a regional coalition of Great Lakes states to protect our lakes, our economy, and our ecosystems.”

The letter and an accompanying statement did not explain if earlier Illinois concerns have been resolved, including who would pay $100 million in capital and $10 million in annual operating costs. But according to Lt. Gov. Evelyn Sanguinetti, chairman of the Illinois River Coordinating Council, “If the corps can address our economic, transportation, environmental, and cost concerns in partnership with Illinois—we have no problem working with other states to enhance our efforts at the Brandon Road Lock and Dam.”

The action is being hailed as good news by Howard Learner, executive director of the Environmental Law & Policy Center.

“Gov. Rauner is recognizing the reality that Illinois voters care deeply about protecting the Great Lakes, and that it’s time to step up with serious actions to keep Asian carp out of Lake Michigan where they would create economic and ecological havoc,” Learner said in an email. “Investing in protections at Brandon Road to keep Asian carp out of the Great Lakes is more sensible and cost-effective than trying later to treat the disease.”

Apparently at least one area of disagreement remains: whether to widen the locks to roughly 150 feet in width, twice their current size. Barge industry officials favor that, but Learner’s group opposes it on the grounds that wider locks give carp more room to maneuver up stream.

Read full article here. 


Toledo Blade: Algal Blooms Harder to Control because of Climate Change, Data Shared at ELPC Science-Policy Conference

May 1, 2018
Algal Blooms Harder to Control Because of Climate Change, Other Factors, Data Shows
By Tom Henry

ANN ARBOR — As toxin-producing algal blooms similar to those that foul western Lake Erie each summer continue to rise exponentially throughout the world, a growing body of scientific data is emerging that shows they are getting harder to control because of climate change, invasive species, and global trade.

Their potential long-term impact on humans also means more cancer risk — not just short-term stomach cramps and diarrhea — and there needs to be a greater research emphasis on the role of nitrogen in driving up their toxicity, according to a variety of scientific presentations made Tuesday at the University of Michigan.

Don’t assume you’re safe limiting your fish consumption or contact with the water, either.

More is being learned about inhalation of airborne particles as an exposure pathway, said Lorraine Backer, senior scientist/environmental epidemiologist for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Environmental Health.

She said a study at two other bodies of water found a small amount of the algal toxin microcystin on nasal swabs of some participants — not enough to endanger their health, but evidence of inhalation exposure.

Jiyoung Lee, Ohio State University environmental health sciences associate professor, said she has found vegetables such as carrots and green beans are able to uptake minute levels of algal toxins when sprayed with water containing them. She also said walleye and other fish developed cancerous liver tumors in lab tests.

Ohio Sea Grant and OSU Stone Laboratory Director Chris Winslow said a research project is being assembled with Lake Erie charter boat captains to measure their airborne exposure levels while out on the water.

The presentations were made during the first day of the 2018 Science-Policy Confluence Conference organized by the Cooperative Institute for Great Lakes Research and the Chicago-based Environmental Law & Policy Center. The institute is a program headed on UM’s campus by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.


Chicago Sun-Times: Rauner, Lawmakers in Showdown Over How and How Fast to Spend VW Settlement


April 30, 2018
Rauner, Lawmakers in Showdown Over How and How Fast to Spend VW Settlement
By Brett Chase 

Gov. Bruce Rauner’s top environmental official is pressing to spend an anti-pollution windfall in the coming months, but critics say the rushed timetable is dictated not by sound policy but by the fall election.

Alec Messina, the Rauner-appointed director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, wants to speed the handout of $109 million in legal settlement money — part of a $2.9 billion multi-state settlement with Volkswagen over an emissions-cheating scandal involving the German automaker’s diesel vehicles.

Messina says he wants to submit a final plan within a month to a national trustee and, as soon as August, start funding projects aimed at reducing air pollution in Illinois.

That timing could give Rauner good news to announce close to the November election — and help him in his tough re-election battle with Democratic challenger J.B. Pritzker.

Democratic lawmakers are trying to slow down and possibly alter Messina’s plans for distributing the money — plans that environmental advocates complain appear skewed toward helping big diesel-engine manufacturers while largely ignoring efforts to reduce the type of vehicle emissions central to the VW scandal.

The Illinois Senate passed a bill Thursday to require six public hearings on how to spend the money — and that a task force be appointed to decide on a plan.

Last week, Messina called it “frustrating” to be accused of playing politics with the settlement and argued the Senate legislation, if implemented, would delay distribution by up to a year.

“This is an important opportunity to make strides toward improvement in air quality,” he said.

Bill sponsor state Sen. Cristina Castro, D-Elgin, and others criticized Messina for holding private meetings with business leaders, including some from construction equipment manufacturing giant Caterpillar, while shutting out public input. Other states getting VW settlement cash, including Indiana and Ohio, have held public meetings on how to spend the money.

A number of health, environmental and clean energy groups have asked the state EPA to put the brakes on its high-speed spending plan and make the process more transparent to taxpayers.

“Clearly, they’re in a hurry to spend the money,” said Al Grosboll, legislative director for the Chicago-based Environmental Law and Policy Center. “We certainly appreciate the administration wants to begin moving money out the door but it’s really important that we get this right.”

Others are more pointed about the politics.

“They realize this is a fall election opportunity,” said Jennifer Walling, executive director of the Illinois Environmental Council, a coalition of dozens of advocacy organizations.

Messina’s EPA has put together a draft plan that must be blessed by a national trustee overseeing the VW settlement to make sure the state is spending the money to fight air pollution and not for unrelated purposes.

The draft has led to a philosophical fight with environmental and health groups that argue too much of the money is going toward trains, boats and other so-called off-road projects, and not on cutting air pollution from cars.


Fighting Back against the EPA

by Ann Mesnikoff

It’s no secret that the Trump administration is hostile to protecting our air, our water, the climate and, it seems, even ensuring we collect revenues from oil and gas extracted from public lands rather than wasting resources. But April ended with a bang when it comes to the administration rolling back important protections for public health, our climate, and clean water.

Just last week ELPC weighed in rollbacks for rules to cut the waste of methane from oil and gas operations on public lands, guidelines to cut down on air pollution from the oil and gas industry, protections from toxic coal ash, and the Clean Power Plan.

Last Monday, ELPC submitted comments to the Department of Interior opposing the Bureau of Land Management’s repeal of a 2015 rule to limit the amount of methane, a potent greenhouse gas the oil and gas industry can vent or flare on public lands. Not only did this rule cut emissions of dangerous methane emissions, it would have actually raised the amount of royalties the industry pays to federal, state and tribal governments.

ELPC has long been involved in efforts to reduce venting and flaring in North Dakota, especially to protect public health and special places like the Theodore Roosevelt National Park. North Dakota alone accounts for 16% of oil production on federal public lands. Over the past decade North Dakota has had the highest volumes of flared natural gas in the United States raising concerns about impacts on public health and the climate. BLM estimates that over a 10 year period less natural would be produced and sold because of its repeal of the 2016 rule and $26.4 to 32.7 million less royalties collected.

You can check out our comments here and we greatly appreciated the support of 177 of our members who also told BLM to keep its methane waste prevention standards in place.
The Department of the Interior isn’t the only agency doing favors for the oil gas industry. On Monday, ELPC also joined a coalition partners opposing the US Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to repeal common-sense and cost-effective measures states can implement to reduce toxic air pollution from the oil and gas industry in areas that do not meet health standards for smog, or ozone, pollution. EPA had issued these guidelines in 2016, but the Trump EPA, under Administrator Pruitt is determined to undermine public health at every turn.

Last Tuesday Tuesday and Thursday, we turned to opposing the EPA’s efforts to let coal fired power plants off the hook when it comes to polluting our water and our climate. The Midwest is not only home the Great Lakes. It is also home to a significant percentage of highly-polluting and aging coal plants. Illinois is second only to Texas in its consumption of coal for electricity; Indiana and Ohio are also in the top five.[1]  The continued prevalence of coal-fired electric generation means our residents bear the full range of harms from dirty generation, including toxic coal ash, pollution to air, climate, land, and water.

On Tuesday the focus was coal ash – the toxic residue left from burning coal in power plants across the country. Pruitt’s EPA proposed to weaken the first ever standards directly targeting coal ash, which power plants store in ponds. At a public hearing on Tuesday in Virginia, I testified opposing EPA’s rollback noting that the Midwest is home to more than 250 on-site coal ash impoundments, with forty-four in the Great Lakes watershed, either directly on one of the Lakes or on watercourses that flow into them. Specifically, these are impoundments in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Coal ash contains arsenic, chromium, lead, mercury, radium, and other hazardous chemicals that present serious risks to human health, particularly children, and the environment. I was just one of nearly 70 voices that urged EPA to keep its 2015 standards in place and focus instead on protecting our lakes, rivers, and groundwater.

And on Thursday, it was EPA’s repeal of the Clean Power Plan! ELPC was joined by Alliance for the Great Lakes, Hoosier Environmental Council, Illinois Environmental Council, Iowa Environmental Council, Michigan Climate Action Network, Michigan Environmental Council, Minnesota Environmental Partnership, and Ohio Environmental Council in opposing EPA’s repeal of these first ever climate pollution standards for dirty coal plants.

Our comments considered the threats of climate change to the Great Lakes and the region. But we also recognized the opportunities across the Midwest to invest in clean, renewable energy and create jobs. More than 500 of our members also sent in comments to EPA opposing the repeal of the Clean Power Plan.

Today, on the last day of April, we are submitting our written comments on EPA’s rollback of the Coal Ash Rule and get ready for EPA’s attack on Clean Car Standards – the biggest single step toward reducing dangerous climate pollution, saving consumers at the pump and cutting our dependence on oil and EPA’s attack on the use of sound science in its rulemaking process.

[1] Ohio State Energy Profile, U.S. Energy Information Administration, https://www.eia.gov/state/print.php?sid=OH (last visited Jan. 24, 2018).

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